Air Logistics Center
Veterans' preference recognizes the economic loss suffered by
citizens who have served their country in uniform in times of
strife, restores veterans to a favorable competitive position for
Government employment, and acknowledges the larger obligation owed
to disabled veterans. Historically, Congress has reserved preference
for those who were either disabled, who served in combat areas or
during certain periods of time.
Veterans who qualify as preference eligible (meaning they typically
must have served on active duty for at least 2 years during a period
of war or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge is
authorized, or be disabled) are entitled to an additional 5 or 10
points added onto their earned rating in a competitive civil service
examination. In all other situations (for example, selection from a
merit promotion list or other "internal" action such as
reassignment, transfer, or reinstatement), veterans' preference is
not a factor.
National Defense Authorization Act expanded the definition of
veterans’ preference to include individuals who served on active
duty for more than 180 consecutive days, other than for training,
any part of which occurred during the period beginning September 11,
2001 to present.
Veterans' preference was intended to give eligible veterans an extra
assist in getting a job with the Government. Veterans' preference
does not guarantee the veteran a job. Veterans' preference should
not be confused with the special appointing authorities such as the
VRA which allow eligible veterans to be appointed non competitively
to the competitive service.